Persönlicher Status und Werkzeuge

Sprachwahl

Sustainable tourism:

Combining Tourism and Nature Protection. Development of a Combined Plan for Tourism Activities Management and Protection Quality Improvement at the National Park “Nevado de Toluca”, Mexico

Elsa Velazquez Cortes

The “Nevado de Toluca” was declared on January 15th 1936 as a National Park. Representing the fourth highest mountain of the Mexican Republic, counts with about 4660 meters above the sea level and an extension of about 54,000 hectares. Privileged shelter of valuable species of flora and fauna, it also gives origin to two of the most important basins of the country: Lerma and Balsas rivers (Gobierno del Estado de México, 1999).

How to Achieve Sustainability in Tourism Planning and Management for National Parks - Comparing China and Western Europe

Huiying Ji

“Can tourism be beneficial to national parks, host communities as well as visitors?” The answer is ‘positive’, but ‘uneasy’. The aim of this paper is to identify the best practices in tourism planning and management for national parks which facilitate sustainability. China, a representative of the developing world, and Western Europe, the worldwide example of sustainable development, are selected as the study realm. Two case studies, Jiuzhaigou National Park from China, and Berchtesgaden National Park from Germany, have been depicted to give in-depth examinations and concrete bases for comparisons. Based on the case studies, key elements of sustainability and un-sustainability have been examined and discussed. It is found that only through active pursuit of responsible planning and management that tourism in national parks will be economically viable, socially compatible and conservational supporting. On the sake of that, 12 recommendations have been given to suggest potential ways to resolve challenges and stimulate new ideas for sustainable development of national parks.